Best of Both Worlds es el título de una jugosa entrevista que la Reason Magazine le hizo a Milton Friedman en junio de 1995.
Dejo un extracto que puede dar lugar al debate. Aquí Friedman responde a algunas críticas de Rothbard y otros libertarios en relación con su regla monetaria y los vouchers para el sistema educativo.
Reason: Do you think you’ve become more radically libertarian in your political views over the years?
Friedman: The difference between me and people like Murray Rothbard is that, though I want to know what my ideal is, I think I also have to be willing to discuss changes that are less than ideal so long as they point me in that direction. So while I’d like to abolish the Fed, I’ve written many pages on how the Fed, if it does exist, should be run.
Murray used to berate me for my stand on education vouchers. I would like to see the government out of the education business entirely. In that area, I have become more extreme, not because of any change of philosophy, but because of a change in my knowledge of the factual situation and history.
I used to argue that I could justify compulsory schooling on the ground of external effects. But then I discovered from work that E.G. West and others did, that before compulsory schooling something over 90 percent of people got schooled. The big distinction you have to make is between marginal benefit and average benefit. The marginal benefit from having 91 percent of people in school rather than 90 percent does not justify making it compulsory. But if in the absence of compulsory education, only 50 percent would be literate, then I can regard it as appropriate.
Some issues are open and shut. Tariffs, property rights. No, not property rights, because you have to define property rights. But education is not open and shut. In Capitalism and Freedom we came out on the side of favoring compulsory schooling and in Free To Choose we came out against it. So I have become more radical in that sense. Murray used to call me a statist because I was willing to have government money involved. But I see the voucher as a step in moving away from a government system to a private system. Now maybe I’m wrong, maybe it wouldn’t have that effect, but that’s the reason I favor it.
Mi opinión es que resulta injusto llamar estatista a Friedman. Lo que distingue a Friedman de Rothbard, es que el primero se preocupó por la transición, además de buscar su propio ideal. En la transición, la política y lo “viable” ocupan un lugar importante, lo que ha llevado a Friedman en numerosas oportunidades a abandonar una posición radical.