Austrian Economics and Organizational Entrepreneurship: A Typology – by Sara R.S.T.A. EliasTodd H. ChilesQian LiFernando Monteiro D’Andrea

Abstract: This article develops a typology for making sense of the numerous strands of Austrian (and Austrian-related) economics and demonstrates how this typology can guide organizational entrepreneurship scholars wishing to ground their research in Austrian thought. In the process, not only are existing insights from the history of Austrian economic thought rediscovered, but clearer light is also shed on important perspectives from that tradition that have received less attention in entrepreneurship research. Based on the Austrian concept of entrepreneurial production and its rela­tionship with the core concepts of knowledge and change, the typology yields four perspectives—equilibrationpunctuated equilibriumdisequilibration, and punctuated disequilibrium. These perspectives’ different paradigms as used in organizational research are explored, along with their ontological, epistemological, and method­ological assumptions. The typology is illustrated with selected empirical examples from organizational research to spotlight the types of questions that contemporary scholars may appropriately ask and answer from each perspective.

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