WP: Why Did Inflation Targeting Fail in Argentina?

In 2016, the new Argentine government decides to implement an inflation targeting regime. In 26 months, said regime was abandoned. Argentina may be the only case of a country that abandoned this regime.

In this paper, with Federico Julian Ferrelli Mazza (ESEADE), we study why this regime failed in Argentina. We find that a main problem was an implementation inconsistency, which was accelerated (but not produced) by a credibility shock in December 28th, 2017.


Argentina’s experience with inflation targeting lasted only 26 months. In this paper, we study the reason why this regime failed in Argentina and the economic context of its implementation. We find that the main reason was an internal inconsistency in how inflation targeting was implemented, and that said inconsistency was accelerated by a negative credibility shock in December 2017. While other events, such as external shocks, also played a role, they are not enough to explain the shortcomings of the inflation targeting experience in Argentina.

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